Conjugating the French Verb Sortir, to Exit (2023)

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Sortir Conjugation, Usage, and Examples

Conjugating the French Verb Sortir, to Exit (1)

In French,sortirmeans "to exit," "to leave," or "to go out" and it is a frequently used irregular-irverb. When you want to use it in conversational French, it's important to know how to conjugate it. This article will show you a few different meanings of sortir and its most frequently used conjugations: the present, present progressive, compound past, imperfect, simple future, near future indicative, the conditional, the present subjunctive, as well as the imperative and the gerund.

SortirIs Conjugated Like Partir and Dormir

Within irregular-irverbs, there are some patterns. Two groups exhibit similar characteristics and conjugation patterns. There is also a large category of extremely irregular-irverbs that follow no pattern.

Sortirlies in the first group and it does follow a particular pattern. Besides sortir, this group includes dormir(to sleep), mentir(to lie), partir(to leave), sentir(to feel), servir(to serve)and all of their derivatives, such as repartir(to divide).

All of these verbs drop the last letter of the radical (root) in the singular conjugations. For instance, in first person singular of sortir is je sors (no "t") while the first person plural is nous sortons (retains the "t" from the root). The more you can recognize these patterns, the easier it will be to remember conjugations. Generally speaking, most French verbs ending in-mir,-tir, or-virare conjugated this way.

Using Sortirin French

Sortiressentially means the opposite ofentrer(to enter)and the meaning changes slightly depending on what follows it. But the most common meaning is "to go out" and "to exit or leave" as in Je veux sortir ce soir (I want to go out tonight) or Nous ne sommes pas sortis depuis deux mois (We haven't gone out for two months).

When followed by a preposition or a direct object,sortirtakes on a slightly different and more specific meaning.

(Video) Le Verbe Sortir au Présent - To Go Out / To Exit Present Tense - French Conjugation

  • sortir de means"to get out of" or "to leave": As in,Tu dois sortir de l'eau (You need to get out of the water) and Sortez de chez moi ! (Get out of my house!). It can also be used for something like, D'où sort-il? (Where has he been?).
  • sortir de (informal) means"to have just done something": As in, On sort de manger (We just ate) andIl sortait de finir(He had just finished).
  • sortir en / à means"to go out in / on": As in, Nous allons sortir en voiture (We're going to go out in the car / go for a drive) and Je veux sortir à bicyclette (I want to go out on my bike / go for a bike ride).
  • sortir en +present participlemeans "to ___ out": As in,Pourquoi est-il sorti en courant ? (Why did he run out?) andElle sort en boitant (She is limping out).
  • sortir parmeans"to get out by means of": As in, Tu ne peux pas sortir par la porte (You can't get out through the door) and L'oiseau est sorti par la fenêtre (The bird went out the window).
  • sortir + direct objectmeans "to take out": As in,Tu dois sortir le chien ce soir. (You need to take the dog out tonight) and J'ai sorti la voiture du garage(I took the car out of the garage).

Sortiras a Pronominal Verb

As a pronominal verb,se sortir decan take on even more meanings. For instance,se sortir demeans "to get out of" or "to extricate oneself." For example, J'espère qu'il va pouvoir se sortir de cette situation(I hope he'll be able to get out of that situation), or Je me suis sorti d'un mauvais pas(I got out of a tight spot).

S'en sortirmeans to survive/get through a dangerous or difficult situation, as in Je ne sais pas s'il va s'en sortir(I don't know if he's going to make it / pull through) or Tu t'en es bien sorti! (You've done really well!).

Common French Expressions With Sortir

There are plenty of idiomatic expressions usingsortir.Keep in mind that you will need to conjugatesortirin many of these.

  • sortir indemne d'un choc -to exit unscathed
  • sortir de l'imagination -being the result of creativity, inspiration
  • sortir de sa cachette -get out of hiding
  • s'en sortir -to extract oneself from a difficult situation
  • sortir de l'ordinaire -to stand out from the ordinary
  • le petit oiseau va sortir. -The photo is about to be taken.

Present Indicative

JesorsJe sors de la maison à 8 heures du matin.I leave the house at 8 am.
TusorsTu sors le chien.You take the dog out.
Il/Elle/OnsortElle sort au cinéma avec Jean.She goes out to the movies with Jean.
NoussortonsNous sortons du travail très tard.We leave work very late.
VoussortezVous sortez les poubelles après manger.You take the trash out after eating.
Ils/EllessortentIls sortent par la fenêtre.They go out through the window.

Present Progressive Indicative

To speak about ongoing actions in the present in French you can use the regular present tense or the present progressive, which is formed with the present tense conjugation of the verb être (to be) + en train de + the infinitive verb (sortir).

Jesuis en train de sortirJe suisen train de sortir de la maison à 8 heures du matin.I am leaving the house at 8 am.
Tuesen train de sortirTu esen train de sortir le chien.You are taking the dog out.
Il/Elle/Onesten train de sortirElle esten train de sortir au cinéma avec Jean.She is going out to the movies with Jean.
Noussommesen train de sortirNous sommesen train de sortir du travail très tard.We are leaving work very late.
Vousêtesen train de sortirVous êtesen train de sortir les poubelles après manger.You are taking the trash out after eating.
Ils/Ellessonten train de sortirIls sonten train de sortir par la fenêtre.They are going out through the window.

Compound Past Indicative

Thepassé composéis translated to English as the simple past. It is formed using either the auxiliary verbêtreor the auxiliary verb avoir and the past participlesorti. Sortir is a special verb because in the compound tenses, itmay be conjugated with bothêtre oravoir, depending on whethersortiris used intransitively or transitively. Whensortiris usedintransitively, the auxiliary verb isêtre, and in that case the past participle must agree in gender and number with the subject: Es-tu sorti hier soir? (Did you go out last night?). Whensortiris usedtransitively, the auxiliary verb isavoir: J'ai sorti la voiture du garage (I took the car out of the garage).

Jesuis sorti(e)/ai sortiJe suis sorti de la maison à 8 heures du matin.I left the house at 8 am.
Tues sorti(e)/as sortiTu as sorti le chien.You took the dog out.
Il/Elle/Onest sorti(e)/a sortiElle est sortie au cinéma avec Jean.She went out to the movies with Jean.
Noussommes sortis(ies)/avons sortiNous sommes sortis du travail très tard.We left work very late.
Vousêtes sorti(s/ies)/avez sortiVous avez sorti les poubelles après manger.You took the trash out after eating.
Ils/Ellessont sortis(ies)/ont sortiIls sont sortis par la fenêtre.They went out through the window.

Imperfect Indicative

The imperfect tense can be translated to English as "was going out" or "used to go out". It is used to talk about ongoing events or repeated actions in the past.

JesortaisJe sortais de la maison à 8 heures du matin.I used to leave the house at 8 am.
TusortaisTu sortais le chien.You used to take the dog out.
Il/Elle/OnsortaitElle sortaitau cinéma avec Jean.She used to go out to the movies with Jean.
NoussortionsNous sortions du travail très tard.We used to leave work very late.
VoussortiezVous sortiez les poubelles après manger.You used to take the trash out after eating.
Ils/EllessortaientIls sortaient par la fenêtre.They used to go out through the window.

Simple Future Indicative

JesortiraiJe sortirai de la maison à 8 heures du matin.I will leave the house at 8 am.
TusortirasTu sortiras le chien.You will take the dog out.
Il/Elle/OnsortiraElle sortiraau cinéma avec Jean.She will go out to the movies with Jean.
NoussortironsNous sortirons du travail très tard.We willleave work very late.
VoussortirezVous sortirez les poubelles après manger.You will take the trash out after eating.
Ils/EllessortirontIls sortiront par la fenêtre.They will go out through the window.

Near Future Indicative

The near future in French is formed with the present tense conjugation of the verb aller (to go) + the infinitive (sortir). It is translated to English as "going to + verb.

Jevais sortirJe vaissortir de la maison à 8 heures du matin.I am going to leave the house at 8 am.
Tuvas sortirTu vasortir le chien.You are going to take the dog out.
Il/Elle/OnvasortirElle vasortir au cinéma avec Jean.She isgoing to go out to the movies with Jean.
NousallonssortirNous allonssortir du travail très tard.We aregoing toleave work very late.
VousallezsortirVous allezsortir les poubelles après manger.You aregoing to take the trash out after eating.
Ils/EllesvontsortirIls vontsortir par la fenêtre.They aregoing to go out through the window.


To talk about possibilities or hypothetical events, you can use the conditional mood.

JesortiraisJe sortirais de la maison à 8 heures du matin si je me levais plus tôt.I would leave the house at 8 am if I got up earlier.
TusortiraisTu sortirais le chien si je le demandais.You would take the dog out if I asked for it.
Il/Elle/OnsortiraitElle sortiraitau cinéma avec Jean si elle voulait.She would go out to the movies with Jean if she wanted to.
NoussortirionsNous sortirionsdu travail très tard si c'était nécessaire.We wouldleave work very late if it were necessary.
VoussortiriezVous sortiriez les poubelles après manger si vous vouliez.You wouldtake the trash out after eating if you wanted to.
Ils/EllessortiraientIls sortiraient par la fenêtre s'ils pouvaient.They would go out through the window if they could.

Present Subjunctive

The subjunctive mood is used in cases where the action is uncertain.

Que jesortesIl est important que je sortes de la maison à 8 heures du matin.It's important that I leave the house at 8 am.
Que tusortesMaurice est content que tu sortes le chien.Maurice is happy that you take the dog out.
Qu'il/Elle/OnsorteIl est possible qu'elle sorte au cinéma avec Jean.It is possible that she go out to the movies with Jean.
Que noussortionsLe patron suggère que nous sortons du travail très tard.The boss suggests that we leave work very late.
Que voussortiezVotre père exige que vous sortiez les poubelles après manger.Your father demands that you take the trash out after eating.
Qu'ils/EllessortentCarl conseille qu'ils sortent par la fenêtre.Carl advises that they go out through the window.


There are times when you simply want to tell someone to "Get out!" On these occasions, you can turn to the imperative verb mood which does not require a subject pronoun. Instead, you can just tell them "Sors !" To form the negative commands, simply place ne...pas around the positive command.

Positive commands

Tusors !Sors le chien !Take the dog out!
Noussortons!Sortons du travail très tard !Let's leave work very late!
Voussortez!Sortez les poubelles !Take out the trash!

Negative commands

Tune sors pas !Ne sors pas le chien !Don't take the dog out!
Nousne sortons pas!Ne sortons pas du travail très tard !Let's not leave work very late!
Vousne sortez pas!Ne sortez pas les poubelles !Don't take out the trash!

Present Participle/Gerund

Thepresent participleofsortirissortant. This was formed by simply adding-antto the verb stem. The present participle can be used to form the gerund (usually preceded by the preposition en), which can be used to talk about simultaneous actions.

Present participle/gerund ofSortirsortantIl est tombé en sortant le chien.He fell down while taking the dog out.



(Video) Le Verbe Sortir au Passé Composé - To Go Out / To Exit Compound Tense - French Conjugation

Your Citation

Team, ThoughtCo. "French Verb Sortir Conjugation." ThoughtCo, Dec. 6, 2021,, ThoughtCo. (2021, December 6). French Verb Sortir Conjugation. Retrieved from, ThoughtCo. "French Verb Sortir Conjugation." ThoughtCo. (accessed March 8, 2023).

(Video) Le Verbe Sortir au Futur - To Go Out /To Exit Futur Simple Tense - French Conjugation
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